Despite a better understanding of heart health, advances in diagnostic methods, and advances in therapeutic models, heart and vascular disease still precedes the causes of death in the world
Urban living conditions are one of the biggest threats to heart diseases. World Heart Health Week, questions about heart health curiosity questions Okan University Hospital Heart and Vascular Surgery Assoc. Dr. Your love Ali Korkmaz answered.
1) Due to cardiovascular disease, annual death rate in World is pronounced as 20000 thousand, why is this figure so high?
Currently, cardiovascular diseases are the most important cause of death in the middle and advanced age group, accounting for about 30% of global deaths. It is estimated that deaths due to cardiovascular diseases will increase to 22.2 million by 2030.
Nearly half of deaths due to noncommunicable diseases worldwide are caused by heart and vascular diseases. The vast majority of these deaths depend on heart attack and stroke. It is estimated that approximately 250-300 thousand new coronary artery disease patients per year in our country.
Rapid, urban living conditions and stress and bad nutrition habits, obesity and diabetes, as well as the widespread use of cigarettes, pose great risk for heart and vascular health. As a result, the frequency of death from cardiovascular diseases is increasing day by day.
2) Why is World rate of heart surgery so high?
The success rates of these surgeries are very close to the world’s leading centers. Currently there are around 300 centers of cardiovascular surgery in World, and these centers are served with really superior standards. While the number of centers in the UK is decreasing from 1 to 1.5 million, the number of centers in our country falls to 250 to 300 thousand.
It is not a high figure because 80 thousand heart surgeries are performed every year in an 80 million population and 200-300 thousand new coronary patients are added every year. The way to draw these numbers down is to increase the educational and preventive medicine measures so that the risk factors we mentioned earlier can be removed.
3) What is the risk of heart attack in young people according to age and sex?
Individuals with familial heart disease, rythm disorders, or blood oils that are inherently overly high may also experience some heart valve disorders and coronary artery congenital outflow anomalies at very early ages. A heart attack, especially when younger than 35 years of age, is more lethal if the formation of the side vessels we call cholesterol is insufficient.
4) Would you give information about new treatment methods or surgical methods?
Coronary bypass operations can now be performed with excellent results depending on technological developments. Especially minimally invasive surgery that can be done from a small wound, patients can recover much more quickly.
We can do bypass operations without any heart surgery and without any need for robotic technology.
Paralysis of all the vessels with both chest arteries parallel to the increase in experience can only be achieved when bypassing with only one chest artery, because the results of this arterial bypass are more successful than all other methods.
In addition, successful results can be obtained by combining stent and bypass operations in hybrid operation rooms where both angiography and bypass surgery can be performed. Protect your heart, you have loved it. World heart health celebrate the week.
8 gold advice for heart health
For a long and healthy life, protecting your heart health is very important. In your lifestyle you will be able to protect both your heart and your general well being with minor changes. Okan University Hospital Cardiovascular Surgery specialist Assoc. Dr. Aşkın Ali Korkmaz, on world heart health day, there were suggestions to protect your heart health;
1- Be careful to feed
Proper diet does not mean to make a diet because diet means making temporary changes in eating habits.
It is poor in saturated fat; fiber, antioxidant, monounsaturated fat and a diet rich in fish have a positive effect on cardiovascular diseases. Foods containing omega-3 fatty acids also inhibit keratin formation and vascular hardening.
In addition, fish consumption and cardiovascular disease have been reported to result in a decrease in mortality rate. Trans oils should be avoided, never consumed from processed grains if possible. The daily amount of salt should be kept below 5 grams.
2- Get rid of your excess kilos
The main causes of hypertension are overweight. Being overweight also pose a risk for coronary heart disease, heart failure and stroke. The most important measure here is the waistline, 94 cm in men. and six women with 80 cm. and six ideal waist measurements. Ideally your weight should be protected, you should not take too much weight, you should exercise for it.
Today, we are starting to move less and less day by day, due to the facilities such as automobiles, escalators and elevators. However, inadequate physical activity and physical condition impairment are important risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases.
Stairs should be used instead of elevators, walking should be preferred instead of going to the nearest places by car. Take care to exercise at least 30 minutes a day for 3 days a week for your heart health. It should not be forgotten that the physical exercise is done on a regular basis.
4- Stay away from the strut
Stress, anger and depression increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. If you are under stress in this situation, first consider the reasons that put you in trouble. If you are having difficulty removing these problems, you can get an expert help.
Some relaxation techniques and psychotherapy help to maintain heart health by reducing discomfort and stress. Inner peace and happiness in a family environment are very effective in protecting your heart health.
5 – Stop smoking
Today, smoking is the first order of preventable death causes. Smoking causes blockage of the heart vessels and therefore heart attacks. Cigarette smoking also increases the risk of having a heart attack again.
Continuing to smoke after coronary bypass also increases the mortality rate. Passive exposure to cigarette smoke also increases the risk. That’s why you should definitely quit smoking for your heart health. When the cigarette is dropped, the body will begin to regenerate itself quickly.
6- Control your blood sugar
Blood sugar not taken under good control can be considered as a risk factor for cardiovascular health. The American Diabetes Association notes that for heart health, fasting blood sugar should be less than 120 mg/dl and glucose hemoglobin should be less than 7 percent.
To control your blood sugar, take care to eat well, reach your ideal weight, and exercise regularly for at least 2 days and 30 days a week.
7- Take control of your blood pressure
One of the other risk factors of cardiovascular diseases is hypertension. You should remember to do your blood pressure checks on a regular basis. If you have a problem with hypertension and you are young, middle-aged or diabetic, note that your target blood pressure is below 130/85 mmHg and below the advanced fascia is 140/90 mmHg. For this, reach the ideal kiln, limit salt intake to 5 grams, increase your physical activity and do not smoke
8 – Do not forget to have heart check
Some of the cardiovascular diseases go sneaky without any symptoms. For this reason, early diagnosis plays a major role in the successful treatment of diseases. Regular tests can also be used to detect diseases before they become serious.